What Is an Installment Loan

It is a form of loan that allows you to borrow a specific amount of money when you apply for one. Unlike other forms of revolving credit, such as credit cards or a line of credit, you must first determine how much money you require.

After borrowing the funds, you must repay the installment loan over a set length of time that you and the lender agree on when the loan is taken out. Payments are usually made on a monthly basis. However, this can vary.

The length of time a borrower has to repay a loan is referred to as the loan term. A 72-month period, for example, would allow for six years of payments.

Each payment is referred to as an installment, which is why it is referred to as such.

Lenders will be able to see how you handle different types of debts.

The model can help them determine if you are a good borrower. The most popular accounts are revolving and installment loans. Credit cards revolve around credit accounts.

BFN The difference between installment credit and revolving credit accounts is explained in this article.

Installment loans are one of the most prevalent sorts of loans that people take out. Installment loans include auto loans, mortgages, personal loans, and student loans.


1. Installment credit

A type of credit that lends money to borrowers that is either fixed or finite is called an installment credit. The borrower will know in advance how many monthly payments they will have to make (or “installments”) and how much each one will cost.

You need to borrow a dollar amount to get a loan. The terms and conditions of the loan include the interest rate, payment schedule, and term length.

A bank might offer you a loan to finance the purchase of a vehicle. The loan may have a term of 63 months.

To repay the loan and its interest, you would need to make the same monthly payments for the loan duration. Each installment reduces your loan balance.

For student loans or auto loans, installment loans are available. An installment loan can also be used to finance a repayment plan.

How it affects your credit score

The actual balance of your installment loan does not affect credit utilization rates.

This is true. It is true. However, you must consider the long-term cost of large loans. The loan will remain due until it is fully paid.

Installment loans are simple to budget because the monthly payments can be predicted. It is essential to stay on top of your bills.

2. Revolving credit

Revolving credit is a type of installment credit that can be used without a limit. You can also use it up to the amount you have been granted.

Credit cards are the most common type of revolving credit debt. Interest accruing can occur.

What it does to your credit score

It is second only after your payment history

Experts recommend that you borrow less than 30% of your credit limit.

Your credit score will increase as you pay down more revolving debt.

3. Title Loans & Auto Loans

Auto loans are usually repaid in monthly installments over a period of 12 to 96 months, though not all lenders offer loans in that time frame. Longer-term loans typically have lower monthly payments and higher interest rates.

This means that, even though your monthly payments are lower, an 84-month loan will cost you more in the long run than a 36-month loan.

4. Mortgages

A mortgage is a type of installment loan used to finance the purchase of a home. Mortgages are typically payable in monthly installments over 15 to 30 years.

Some mortgages have fixed interest rates that do not alter over time. This also means that the regular monthly principal and interest payments will remain unchanged.

5. Personal Installment Loans

Personal loans are a sort of installment loans that can be used for a variety of reasons, such as debt consolidation or paying off unexpected expenses such as medical bills. Personal loans are usually for a period of 12 to 96 months. But it is interesting to know also what credit score you need to get a personal loan. You will need a credit score between 550- 580 to be eligible for it.

Interest rates on these loans are typically higher than on other types of loans.

This could be due to the fact that personal loans don’t usually need collateral, such as your car or home.

What are the benefits of installment loans?

Installment loans, for the most part, have predictable installments. If you take out a fixed-interest loan, the essential components of your payment will likely remain the same every month until you pay off your loan (with the exception of modifications to loan add-ons like insurance).

A regular payment amount and schedule may make it easier to budget for your loan payment each month, reducing the risk of skipping payments due to unforeseen changes in your debt.

If you’re looking for an installment loan, make sure the monthly payments aren’t going to break your budget. If they do, you may find it difficult to make your full payment if a financial emergency arises.

Installment loans also give you the assurance that your debt will be paid off by a certain date.

Your debt should be paid off in full once you’ve completed the number of installments needed by the loan.

You can get out of debt faster and pay less interest if you take out a loan with the shortest payment term you can afford.

What are the disadvantages of Installment loans?

Installment loans, unfortunately, have some drawbacks.

For example, unlike a credit card or a line of credit, you can’t add to the amount you need to borrow once you’ve taken out the loan. To borrow extra money, you’ll have to take out a new loan.

Make sure you know how much you need to borrow before looking for an installment loan.

Another disadvantage of installment loans is that your interest rate and other loan terms are heavily influenced by your credit score. If you’ve had credit problems in the past and have poor credit scores, you’ll almost certainly have to pay a higher interest rate than borrowers with good credit records.

Greater monthly payments and a higher total cost of borrowing arise from rising interest rates. Before applying for an installment loan, try to enhance your credit score if at all possible.

Installment loans may have additional fees and penalties in addition to interest. Some lenders charge application costs (also known as origination fees) and credit check fees up in advance, increasing your overall cost.

They may also impose prepayment penalties, which oblige you to pay a fee if you pay off your loan early.

In conclusion

If you’re thinking about taking out an installment loan, make sure you’re familiar with the terms and circumstances of the loan you’re taking out. If you know what’s available, you can shop around for the finest installment loan for your needs.


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Author D Laidler

I am David, economist, originally from Britain, and studied in Germany and Canada. I am now living in the United States. I have a house in Ontario, but I actually never go.  I wrote some books about sovereign debt, and mortgage loans. I am currently retired and dedicate most of my time to fishing. There were many topics in personal finances that have currently changed and other that I have never published before. So now in Business Finance, I found the opportunity to do so. Please let me know in the comments section which are your thoughts. Thank you and have a happy reading.

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A personal loan is a medium term loan with a fixed interest rate that is repaid in equal monthly payments and it's usually limited to 24 months. Loan offers and eligibility depend on your individual credit profile. Our lenders can help you obtain as much as $3,000 depending on the lender, your state and your financial situation.

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APR (Annual Percentage Rate) is the loan rate calculated for the annual term. Since businessfinancenews.com is not a lender and has no information regarding the terms and other details of personal loan products offered by lenders individually, businessfinancenews.com cannot provide the exact APR charged for any loan product offered by the lenders. The APRs greatly vary from lender to lender, state to state and depend on numerous factors, including but not limited to the credit standing of an applicant. Additional charges associated with the loan offer, including but not limited to origination fees, late payment, non-payment charges and penalties, as well as non-financial actions, such as late payment reporting and debt collection actions, may be applied by the lenders. These financial and non-financial actions have nothing to do with businessfinancenews.com, and businessfinancenews.com has no information regaining whatsoever actions may be taken by the lenders. All the financial and non-financial charges and actions are to be disclosed in any particular loan agreement in a clear and transparent manner. The APR is calculated as the annual charge and is not a financial charge for a personal loan product. 

Late Payment Implications

It is highly recommended to contact the lender if late payment is expected or considered possible. In this case, late payment fees and charges may be implied. Federal and state regulations are determined for the cases of late payment and may vary from case to case. All the details concerning the procedures and costs associated with late payment are disclosed in loan agreement and should be reviewed prior to signing any related document. 

Non-payment Implications

Financial and non-financial penalties may be implied in cases of non-payment or missed payment. Fees and other financial charges for late payment are to be disclosed in loan agreement. Additional actions related to non-payment, such as renewals, may be implied upon given consent. The terms of renewal are to be disclosed in each loan agreement individually. Additional charges and fees associated with renewal may be applied. 

Debt collection practices and other related procedures may be performed. All the actions related to these practices are adjusted to Fair Debt Collection Practices Act regulations and other applicable federal and state laws in order to protect consumers from unfair lending and negative borrowing experience. The majority of lenders do not refer to outside collection agencies and attempt to collect the debt via in-house means. 

Non-payment and late payment may have negative impact on the borrowers’ credit standing and downgrade their credit scores, as the lenders may report delinquency to credit bureaus, including but not limited to Equifax, Transunion, and Experian. In this case the results of non-payment and late payment may be recorded and remain in credit reports for the determined amount of time.