Hardship loans are a form of personal loans with more advantageous terms, such as speedier funding, cheaper interest rates, and postponed payments in many circumstances.
They’re especially beneficial to borrowers in difficult times, as as the COVID-19 epidemic. Some financial institutions have even gone so far as to provide coronavirus hardship loans, which are designed to assist families in keeping up with essential and crucial line items like rent, electricity bills, and credit card balances.
It might be tough to qualify for a hardship loan or a traditional personal loan if you’re going through financial difficulty, whether it’s due to the pandemic, unemployment, or another unforeseen incident. You may, however, have a few options and alternatives to help you get by in a pinch.
The fundamentals of a hardship loan
Before COVID-19, there was no such thing as a personal loan designed particularly for persons in need. Plus, receiving a loan while unemployed has always been tricky since most lenders want proof of income to ensure that the debt can be repaid.
However, several financial institutions have been offering coronavirus hardship loans with more favorable conditions in recent months and years, such as speedier funding and payment deferral. Focus Federal Credit Union, for example, marketed three-year hardship loans for up to $1000 in January 2022, with a 2.75 percent interest rate and a 90-day grace period.
Community banks and credit unions are the most common lenders of these hardship loans, which are defined by:
- Small sums of money
- Interest rates are at historic lows.
- Short repayment terms
- Payments that are deferred
While national internet lenders don’t need market coronavirus hardship loans directly, it’s worth checking to see whether your current bank or credit union provides them. If not, you might always take out a traditional personal loan to cover your expenses. Expect the same characteristics, such as low APRs and initial deferments, absent.
What are the most prevalent uses for hardship loans (and personal loans)?
- Basic living expenses such as housing, food, and transportation
- Bills for essential costs such as health care
- Other expenses that could not be anticipated or avoided
- There are four hardship loans to consider.
Although not technically hardship loans, the following four forms of personal loans can be utilized in small sums to help you move beyond financial difficulties.
1. Loans for people with bad credit
Unsecured personal loans don’t require collateral, and lenders evaluate your financial profile, including your credit score, to establish your eligibility and interest rate. On the other hand, some personal loan providers cater to consumers with bad credit.
One caveat: If you have terrible credit, personal loans might be a pricey borrowing alternative. Because your credit history significantly influences your APR, bad-credit applicants may only be eligible for personal loans with high APRs. Because APRs are an annualized indicator of a loan’s cost, a high APR indicates a costly loan.
2. Personal loans with collateral
Personal loans are generally unsecured. However, secured loans may be an alternative for borrowers who don’t qualify for unsecured loans. A car or money in a savings account or CD might be used to get a personal loan. It may be simpler to be eligible for a secured personal loan but bear in mind that if you don’t repay, the lender may take your collateral.
Borrowers who are in financial distress and want a loan may not have sufficient funds in their savings accounts to serve as collateral.
3. Personal loans are taken out jointly (or with a cosigner).
Borrowers with subprime credit who have a credit-worthy spouse or family member may choose to explore a combined personal loan. If you enlist the support of a co-borrower, it may be easier to apply for a personal loan with a lower APR.
When you take out a joint personal loan, the debt is shared by both persons who sign the loan agreement. Because both borrowers would suffer the risks of failing on a joint loan, you’ll want to select someone you can trust to make loan payments.
Consider personal loans with a cosigner if you have a creditworthy individual prepared to assist you in qualifying for a loan but not directly and immediately returning it. Keep in mind that your cosigner will be held legally accountable if you don’t make your payments.
4. Personal loans from credit unions
Credit unions are not-for-profit, member-owned financial entities, unlike traditional banks and internet lenders. Long-term members of credit unions may be more ready to take out loans, even if their credit is subprime.
Consider these other options for payday loans: Payday alternative loans (PALs) are available through federal credit unions: These small-dollar loans range in value from 0 to $2,000, with a maximum APR of 28 percent and repayment terms of one to twelve months. The National Credit Union Administration (NCUA) regulates these loans, so check with your local credit union branch to see if they’re available.
How to Obtain a Hardship Loan
Applying for hardship loans may follow the same steps as applying for standard personal loans, depending on the lender.
1. Examine your credit report
The first signs of your capacity to repay debt are your credit score and report. However, if your present misfortune has impacted your credit or income, lenders of hardship loans may be ready to consider your banking history.
2. Speak with many lenders to get prequalified.
Prequalification for hardship loans isn’t always feasible, but the most respectable personal loan providers do. You’ll be able to validate your eligibility and get pricing quotations without having to worry about your credit.
3. Examine your lending options.
Before picking a lender, you should have at least a few bids to compare. Though APRs are significant, go beyond rates and fees to ensure that the hardship loan meets all of your demands.
4. Submit a formal application to your desired lender.
Once you’ve decided on a lender, you’ll be asked to verify your information and submit it to a hard credit inquiry, which may lower your credit score briefly. Hopefully, you’ll be able to keep the prequalification approval you were given.
5. Sign the final paperwork.
You’re only a few signatures away from getting your money and starting repayment. Ascertain that you have a strategy to meet your monthly obligations so that the loan can assist you in overcoming adversity without negatively impacting your credit record.
There are several alternatives to taking out a hardship loan.
If you need money to get by during a period of financial trouble, a personal loan isn’t always a choice. Here are some alternative options for getting financial assistance when you need it:
- Programs to help people in financial distress offered by banks
- Hardship withdrawals from a 401(k)
- Apps for getting a payday loan online
- A home equity loan or a home equity line of credit
Apply for assistance from your bank or credit union.
Several financial institutions provide services for clients enduring financial hardship, such as loan forbearance and fee exemptions. If you qualify for an emergency assistance program, you may be eligible for aid with your mortgage, personal loan, vehicle loan, or even credit card payments.
Contact your financial institution for assistance if you’re having problems making loan payments or keeping up with your credit card debt. Forbearance on credit cards might be a suitable short-term option.
Consider taking a 401(k) hardship distribution.
If you qualify for a 401(k) hardship withdrawal, you may be able to access the assets in your retirement account. The following are examples of qualifying circumstances:
- Health-care costs
- Expenses for the funeral
- Tuition and room and board are examples of educational expenditures.
- Expenses incurred in the purchase or restoration of a home (excluding mortgage payments)
- Expenses associated with avoiding eviction or foreclosure
The amount you can withdraw is usually limited to the amount required to cover the cost.
You are not required to refund the withdrawal, but the funds from your retirement account will be lost. In addition, if you’re under the age of 59 12, you may be subject to income taxes as well as a 10% early withdrawal penalty.
Install a payday advance app on your phone.
Earnin, for example, allows you to access money from your forthcoming paycheck depending on the number of hours you’ve already worked. If you’re working and need a little quantity of cash to tide you over until your next paycheck, a paycheck advance app can be a good option.
Most paycheck advance applications are free and don’t need a credit check; however, some charge a monthly fee or ask for a voluntary tip. Limitations may apply depending on where you bank and work.
Paycheck advance applications should only be utilized as a last option and not regularly.
If you have to borrow money before being paid, it might indicate that your budget needs to be adjusted.
A home equity loan or a home equity line of credit
If you’re a homeowner, you may be able to use the equity you’ve built up in your house to help you get out of debt. A home equity loan or line of credit would provide an infusion of cash but at the risk of re-mortgage the house.
Closing expenses and the possibility of losing your house if you can’t make payments down the road are the drawbacks of this type of financing.